Anejaculation: Relevance to Sexual Enjoyment in Men and Women

  • Alan W. Shindel
    Corresponding Author: Alan W. Shindel, MD, MAS, Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, 400 Parnassus Ave, Suite A-610, San Francisco, CA 94143-0738, USA. Tel: 415-353-9386; Fax: 415-353-2480
    Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
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      Ejaculation and orgasm are important components of sexual response in men. Our understanding of both phenomena is limited. Anejaculation can be a source of substantial distress, even when procreation (ostensibly the only purpose of ejaculation itself) is not a priority.


      To present an opinion on male perceptions of ejaculation disorders (specifically anejaculation) based on a variety of data sources, including peer-reviewed literature.


      A non-systematic review of literature on anejaculation and other impairments of ejaculatory and orgasmic response was conducted. Relevant articles were critically analyzed and reported

      Main Outcome Measure

      An opinion is presented, based on existing data sources, on how and why ejaculation is deemed important to men and their sexual partners.


      The peer-reviewed literature on disorders of ejaculation is scant; existing reports oftentimes do not adequately distinguish between orgasm and ejaculation in assessment. Men’s perceptions of ejaculation quality appear to be positively associated with satisfaction with sexual response, particularly regarding orgasm. Based on very limited data, female sexual partners of men appear to often (but not always) value the orgasmic experience of their partner; only a minority prioritize actual ejaculation. There is evidence that disorders of ejaculation may be particularly troublesome for men who have sex with men.

      Clinical Implications

      The influence of medical conditions and treatments on ejaculation should be considered in the clinical context. Psychological adaptations and interventions may be of value in some cases.

      Strengths & Limitations

      Data on the clinical relevance of anejaculation outside the context of concomitant orgasmic dysfunction are sparse. Men’s experience of orgasm is at least partially associated with ejaculation-specific variables; whether this association is mediated by psychological, physical, or a combination of factors remains unclear.


      Ejaculation, orgasm, and sexual satisfaction are closely intertwined but distinct phenomena.
      Shindel AW. Anejaculation: Relevance to Sexual Enjoyment in Men and Women. J Sex Med 2019;16:1324–1327.

      Key Words

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